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(Bloomberg) — Stocks closed at the highest in a month as data showed a decline in inflation expectations and big banks rebounded from losses driven by worrisome outlooks. Treasuries retreated.Most Read from BloombergAhead of Monday’s US holiday, the S&P 500 crossed its 200-day moving average and finished within a hair of 4,000. JPMorgan Chase & Co., Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc. and Wells Fargo & Co., which reported results, pushed higher. The Nasdaq 100 climbed for a sixth straight day, the longest winning run since November 2021 — the month when it hit an all-time high.“While equity and bond markets are overbought in the near term and potentially exposed to a pullback and/or a period of volatility, there are reasons for cautious optimism for the year,” said Mark Hackett, chief of investment research at Nationwide.Read: Goldman’s Wealth CIO Says US Stocks Can Rally Despite RecessionUS short-term inflation views fell in early January to the lowest in nearly two years, providing a bigger-than-expected boost to consumer sentiment. To Jeffrey Roach at LPL Financial, pricing pressures are weakening across many sectors, paving the way for the Federal Reserve to downshift its pace of hikes to 25 basis points at its next gathering.“We shouldn’t be surprised if the Fed starts talking about pausing in the near future,” he added.Fed Bank of Atlanta President Raphael Bostic told CBS News he’s leaning toward supporting a smaller rate hike at the next meeting following Thursday’s report showing a further slowing in prices.Over the next few weeks, traders will get a sense on how the aggressive Fed policy to tame inflation has weighed on profit margins. JPMorgan’s boss Jamie Dimon said that while the economy remains strong “we still do not know the ultimate effect of the headwinds coming.”Story continuesCorporate earnings have yet to fully reflect the impact of last year’s rate hikes, according to Mark Haefele at UBS Global Wealth Management. He expects fourth-quarter results to provide a “reality check,” with an earnings recession in 2023 being very likely.To Peter Oppenheimer at Goldman Sachs Group Inc., there’s an important distinction between financial markets and the economy.“We do have a relatively positive view on economies globally: in fact, we are not looking at a recession in the US this year,” he told Bloomberg Television. “Because of that strength, interest-rate risk remains higher than the market is pricing. And that’s what feeds into a more cautious view for equity markets.”S&P 500 earnings revisions are pointing to “a hard landing” even though the market is pricing in a soft landing, Goldman Sachs strategists led by David Kostin wrote. If there is no recession, as the team expects, S&P 500 earnings per share growth will be flat this year, they said.US stocks are poised for a fresh slide before ultimately rallying in the second half of the year when economic conditions stabilize, according to Bank of America Corp. strategists led by Michael Hartnett.“It’s a back-and-forth market,” said David Donabedian, chief investment officer of CIBC Private Wealth US. “I don’t really buy the intense gloom that some people have that it’s going to get much worse, or the other extreme that we’ve already started a new bull market. I don’t think we’re there yet either.”Former Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers said that the US economy is still facing a recession this year, despite encouraging news in recent weeks.“We’ve been in the inflationary bus, which is a fancy way of saying stagflation, and that’s not a great environment for financial assets,” said Jack McIntyre, portfolio manager at Brandywine Global. “Equities don’t like the slowing economic activity and bonds don’t like the inflation part of it. So, we should get resolution this year on how do we break out of that stagflationary environment.”Read: Yellen Says US to Take Extraordinary Steps to Avert a DefaultSome of the main moves in markets:StocksThe S&P 500 rose 0.4% as of 4 p.m. New York timeThe Nasdaq 100 rose 0.7%The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 0.3%The MSCI World index rose 0.6%CurrenciesThe Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index fell 0.2%The euro fell 0.2% to $1.0833The British pound rose 0.2% to $1.2234The Japanese yen rose 1.1% to 127.87 per dollarCryptocurrenciesBitcoin rose 3.4% to $19,467.05Ether was little changed at $1,427BondsThe yield on 10-year Treasuries advanced six basis points to 3.50%Germany’s 10-year yield advanced one basis point to 2.17%Britain’s 10-year yield advanced three basis points to 3.37%CommoditiesWest Texas Intermediate crude rose 2% to $79.95 a barrelGold futures rose 1.3% to $1,924 an ounceThis story was produced with the assistance of Bloomberg Automation.–With assistance from Vildana Hajric, Emily Graffeo, Peyton Forte, Isabelle Lee and Lu Wang.Most Read from Bloomberg Businessweek©2023 Bloomberg L.P.

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